26th Jan ceremony last commissioner of Bhopal
26th Jan ceremony by last Commissioner
  • Shri V P Menon arrived and stayed in Lal Kothi. He was advisor to the Indian government on proposed merger of princely states with Indian Union,
  • Finally, after a princely rule of 250 years, Bhopal was merged with the Union of India on 1st June 1949.
  • Nawab Hamidullah was the ruler of Bhopal at the time.
  • Bhopal became a Centrally Administered State under "Part C" for a period of 5 years.
  • Bhopal State included the present-day districts of Bhopal, Raisen, and Sehore.
  • Tri-colour of independent India was unfurled at the Lal Kothi for the first time on 1st June 1949.
  • The government of India appointed an administrative head for Bhopal, called the Chief Commissioner
  • Lal Kothi was chosen as the official residence of the Chief Commissioner and was renamed Commissioner House.

Hamidia Library
Hamidia Library - First Vidhan Sabha of Bhopal

The salient features of this period are as follows :-

  • Elections for Legislative Assembly and Parliament were held for the first time in Bhopal State in 1952.
    • Congress won the elections, and a 30-member State Assembly was sworn in.
    • The composition of the Assembly was as follows :-
      • 28 - Congress
      • 01 - Hindu Mahasabha
      • 01 - Independent
  • Shri Shankar Dayal Sharma was sworn in as the first Chief Minister of the 1st democratic Government of Bhopal on 20th March, 1952 at Commissioner House.
  • Shri Shankar Dayal Sharma was the youngest Chief Minister at that time in India.
  • On 20th April 1952, the then State Minister at the Centre Shri Gopal Swami Aiyangar inaugurated the State Assembly.

  • The Hamidia Library served as the Vidhan Sabha in the Commissioner's period at Bhopal. Today, it is the office of the Lokayukta.
  • Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru paid 11 visits to Bhopal.
  • He was so enamoured of Bhopal that he planned to make it the 2nd capital of India.
  • The ruler of Bhopal never interfered in the government's functioning.
  • The ruler of Bhopal donated land for the construction of the T.B. hospital at Idgah Hills.
  • Maharani Laxmi Bai college for girls was started in 1952. The building in which it was started was originally the office of the conservator of forests.
  • Maulana Azad College of Technology was set up in 1953. Initially, the classes were held at the present-day Polytechnic building. Now the MACT has been upgraded to a National Institute of Technology. Very shortly, it will be granted the status of an Indian Institute of Technology.
  • Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel Polytechnic was started in 1955.
  • Gandhi Medical College came up in Dec 1955. To begin with, classes were conducted at the Polytechnic.
  • The PGBT college was established in 1956.
  • The British currency continued, alongwith the Indian currency.

Commissioners of Bhopal and their tenures

The Chief Commissioners and their tenures are given below :-
Name Background Tenure
Shri N. B. Bonerji ICS 01st June 1949 up to 30th Apr 1950
Shri Vishwanathan ICS 1st May 1950 up to 03rd Mar 1952
Shri P. K. Bhargava ICS 04th Mar 1952 up to 19th Dec 1954
Shri Bhagwan Sahai ICS 20th Dec 1954 up to 01st Dec 1956

Other Senior Officials During Commissioners Period

Name Designation
Shri Dasgupta Chief Secretary
Shri Sathe Revenue Commissioner
Shri Shyam Singh I.G.P.

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